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Symptoms of Kidney Failure

Author: james sameul

What is Kidney Failure?

Kidneys failure is a condition where the kidneys stop working or injury keeps them from filtering properly. In kidney failure, these bacteria and salts build up and can have bad effects on the heart, brain, lungs, and other organs.


Some of the symptoms are:

Generally feeling ill

lacking interest in everyday activities; difficulty in concentrating or relaxing

Tiredness and loss of energy

Shortness of breath

Bloody or tarry stools, which could indicate bleeding in your intestinal tract

Yellowish-brown cast to your skin

Persistent itching

Kidney failure symptoms can be seen in patients with acute renal failure or people with chronic renal failure. Kidney failure symptoms can depend on the amount of urine made by the kidneys. Sometimes people with severe kidney failure can still make normal amounts of urine. This is called non-oliguric renal failure. Others, however can have decreased urine production and develop kidney failure symptoms which include volume overload and generalized swelling.

If kidney failure has been caused by a sudden injury, these symptoms can appear rapidly, and may progress quickly to seizures, coma and potentially death.

Anemia. One of the key functions of the kidneys is to assist with the production of red blood cells. The kidneys are responsible for producing a hormone called erythropoietin. This is the hormone which stimulates red blood cell production. If kidney disease causes damage or shrinking of the kidneys, the production of red blood cells is affected.


Hypertension or high blood pressure. This is one of the key kidney failure symptoms. Hypertension is caused by the retention of fluids and wastes in the bloodstream. This increases blood volume, which in turn causes blood pressure to rise.

The symptoms and signs of kidney failure depend on how quickly it happens, but. Most of the time, it is a slow process. Although in the hospital it is not uncommon for it to happen quickly and resulting in fluid retention, difficult to control high blood pressure, arrhythmias, decreased mental alertness, muscle twitching, seizures, and coma. How can I put this...having kidney failure means that your kidneys unable to clean your blood of toxins as well as they should.

Since the symptoms of kidney failure tend to appear slowly, over a long period of time, they are easily overlooked, or thought to be normal responses to the stresses and strains of everyday life. This may delay diagnosis and treatment and increase the damage to the kidneys.

Acute renal failure can present on top of chronic renal failure. This is called acute-on-chronic renal failure. The acute part of may be reversible and the aim of treatment, like in ARF, is to return the patient to their baseline renal function, which is typically measured by serum creatinine like ARF, can be difficult to distinguish from chronic renal failure, if the patient has not been followed by a physician and no baseline (i.e., past) blood work is available for comparison.

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*** The information provided in this website is not intended to replace proper medical assessment and treatment. If you are experiencing any symptoms, discomfort or pain please see your doctor immediately. ***


Other Kidney Resources

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National Kidney Foundation

Mayo Clinic Kidney

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Medicine Net

Center For Disease Control

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