Kidney Failure Causes, Symptoms and
What is kidney Failure?
kidney failure is a situation in
which the kidneys fail to function adequately. It is divided in acute
and chronic forms; either form may be due to a large number of other
Acute kidney failure is the sudden loss
your kidneys' ability to perform their main function —
fluid and electrolytes as well as waste material from your blood. When
your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of fluid,
electrolytes and waste accumulate in your body.
occurs when the kidneys partly or completely lose their ability to
filter water and waste from the blood. The build up of toxic substances
normally removed from the body by the kidneys can cause dangerous
Acute kidney failure is a life-threatening illness
caused by sudden, severe loss of blood flow to the kidneys (ischemia).
Despite advances in supportive care, such as dialysis, severe kidney
injury is a major cause of death.
Causes of Kidney Failure
Unfortunately, the cause of many kidney diseases is still unknown, but
controlling high blood pressure and diabetes can reduce the risk of
many kidney diseases.
Cause of end stage kidney disease in the glomerulonephritis, a disease
that damages the kidneys' filtering units, called the glomeruli. In
many cases, the cause of this disease is not known, but some cases may
be inherited and others may be triggered by an infection.
Symptoms of Kidney Failure
Symptoms usually develop very slowly. People with mild to moderately
severe kidney failure may have only mild symptoms, such as the need to
urinate several times during the night (nocturia). Nocturia occurs
because the kidneys cannot absorb water from the urine to reduce the
volume and concentrate it as normally occurs during the night.
Swelling or puffiness, particularly around the eyes or in the face,
wrists, abdomen, thighs or ankles
Urine that is foamy, bloody, or coffee-coloured
A decrease in the amount of urine.
Decreased sensation, especially in the hands or feet
High blood pressure (HBP) itself usually has no symptoms. Rarely,
headaches may occur. You can have HBP for years without knowing it.
During this time, HBP can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and
other parts of the body.
Treatment of Kidney Failure
Once the cause is found, the goal of treatment is to restore kidney
function and prevent fluid and waste from building up in the body while
the kidneys heal. Usually, you have to stay overnight in the hospital
Prevention is always the goal with kidney failure. Chronic disease such
as hypertension and diabetes are devastating because of the damage that
they can do to kidneys and other organs. Lifelong diligence is
important in keeping blood sugar and blood pressure within normal
One of the most important
parts of treatment for
chronic kidney disease
is to control the disease that is causing it. If you have diabetes or
high blood pressure, you and your doctor will develop a plan to
aggressively treat and manage your condition to help slow additional
damage to your kidneys.
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